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5 Types of Dental Implants

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If you’re considering getting dental implants, it’s essential to understand that there isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach. Knowing about the different types of dental implants will help you make the right choice.

In this article, we will not discuss how many types of dental implants are there; instead, we’ll delve into the five most common types of dental implants. Let’s get started!

What Are the Types of Dental Implants?

1. Endosteal Implants

The most common type are Endosteal implants which are typically made of titanium. These implants are shaped like small screws. These act as artificial tooth roots and are surgically placed directly into the jawbone.

Endosteal implants are a versatile option, suitable for most patients who have enough healthy jawbone to support the implant. They can be used if you want to replace a tooth, a row of teeth, or to support a full set of dentures.

Pros of Endosteal Implants:

  • High success rate, as they provide a stable foundation for replacement teeth since they fuse with the jawbone
  • Can last a lifetime with proper care
  • They look and feel like natural teeth, making chewing and speaking comfortable

Cons of Endosteal Implants:

  • Require a surgical procedure for placement
  • The healing process can take several months before the artificial tooth can be attached

2. Subperiosteal Implants

These implants consist of a metal framework and have posts protruding through the gums. This allows the replacement teeth to be mounted securely.

This type of implant is a suitable option for patients with significant bone loss. Subperiosteal implants are custom-made to fit the unique shape of the patient’s jawbone.

Pros of Subperiosteal Implants:

  • Can be an alternative for patients with inadequate jawbone, as they don’t require the same level of bone support as endosteal implants
  • Reduced healing time compared to endosteal implants, as the surgical procedure is less invasive

Cons of Subperiosteal Implants:

  • May have a higher risk of gum irritation due to the implant’s placement beneath the gum tissue
  • Less stable compared to endosteal implants

3. Zygomatic Implants

Zygomatic implants are used when a patient has severe bone loss in the upper jaw. Rather than being placed in the jawbone, these implants are anchored in the cheekbone, also known as the zygoma.

Pros of Zygomatic Implants:

  • Good for patients with significant bone loss in the upper jaw. With this implant upper jaw bone grafting procedures are no longer needed.
  • Can support the attachment of replacement teeth, restoring the ability to chew and speak effectively

Cons of Zygomatic Implants:

  • Require a more complex surgical procedure than other types of dental implants
  • Higher risk of complications due to the proximity of the cheekbone to vital structures in the face

4. All-on-4 Implants

All-on-4 implants, as the name suggests, use four implants placed at the jawbone to replace an entire arch of teeth (either the upper or lower jaw), with two implants in the front and two implants at the back angled to maximize support and stability.

Pros of All-on-4 Implants:

  • Can provide a same-day teeth replacement solution in some cases, as the angled implant placement allows for efficient load-bearing
  • Reduced need for bone grafting in patients with moderate jawbone deterioration, as the angled placement takes advantage of the available bone

Cons of All-on-4 Implants:

  • May require more frequent adjustments compared to other implant-supported restorations due to the higher forces exerted on the implants
  • Difficulty in cleaning and maintaining proper hygiene for the replacement teeth, as they are attached as a full arch

5. Mini Dental Implants

These are smaller in diameter compared with the standard dental implants. They are often used in situations where traditional implants are not feasible. These implants have a screw-like design and can be placed directly into the jawbone or into the underlying bone through gum tissue.

Pros of Mini Dental Implants:

  • Less invasive surgical procedure, as they typically don’t require an incision in the gum
  • More cost-effective for patients with specific tooth replacement needs

Cons of Mini Dental Implants:

  • Lower stability and a higher risk of implant failure compared with standard implants, as they are not suitable for supporting complex dental restorations
  • May not be suitable for all patients, as they require sufficient jawbone density to provide adequate support

Choosing the Right Dental Implant for You

When selecting a dental implant, it’s crucial to consider your specific needs and circumstances. Factors that may influence the choice of implant are: the location of missing teeth and how many are missing, the amount of available jawbone, and your overall oral health.

To determine the most suitable type of implant for you, work closely with your dentist.

Get High-Quality Dental Implants at Century Dental!

If you’re looking for quality dental implants in St. Pete Beach, FL, look no further than Century Dental. We have various dental implant services tailored to each patient’s unique needs. Schedule a consultation today to learn more about our dental implant services.

Picture of Dr. Abdullah M. Allawnha

Dr. Abdullah M. Allawnha

Dr. Allawnha, born in New Orleans and raised in Windsor, Canada, earned a Bachelor of Science in Nursing from the University of Windsor. He worked as an ER nurse in Detroit, Michigan, before moving to Morgantown, West Virginia, to become a dentist. He completed his Doctorate of Dental Surgery (DDS) degree from West Virginia University School of Dentistry while still working as a nurse until he graduated.

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